日本語

つぐみの髭の王さま

ENGLISH

King Thrushbeard


ある王様に、はかり知れないほど美しい娘がいました。けれどとても高慢でその上横柄なので、どの求婚者も娘の気にいらなくて、求婚者を次々と追い返し、意地悪く笑い者にもしました。

あるとき、王様は大宴会を開き、そこへ遠近から結婚の相手となりそうな若者を招きました。若者たちは身分と地位に従って全員一列に整列させられました。最初は王様で、次は公爵、次は王子、伯爵、男爵、紳士階級がきました。それから王様の娘はそれぞれの身分の人の間を案内されましたが、どの人にもなにか異議を唱えました。一人は太りすぎていて、「酒樽ね」、背が高すぎると「やせでのっぽ、まるで役立たずね。」3人目は背が低すぎて「ちびのでぶはのろまよ。」、4人目は顔色が悪過ぎて「死神みたいね。」、5人目は顔が赤過ぎて、「見事なおんどりね。」、6人目は体が真直ぐでないので、「ストーブの後ろの乾かされた生木。」と言いました。

そんなふうに娘は一人ひとりに何か文句をつけましたが、列のかなり高い地位にいたりっぱな王様には特にはしゃいで、あごがすこし曲がっていたので、「ほら見て、つぐみのくちばしみたいなあごをしているわ。」と叫んで笑いました。その時からこの人はつぐみひげの王様の名前をもらいました。

しかし年とった王様は、娘が人々をあざ笑う以外何もしないで、そこに集まった求婚者みんなをばかにしたのを見ると、とても怒って、戸口に来た最初の乞食を娘の夫にすると誓いました。

2,3日後、バイオリン弾きが来て、少しのお金を稼ごうとして、窓の下で歌いました。王様はその歌をきくと、「あの男を上に来させろ。」と言いました。それでバイオリン弾きは、汚いぼろの服を着て入って来て、王様と娘の前で歌い、歌い終わると、施しを求めました。王様は、「お前の歌がとても気に入ったから、そこの娘を妻にやろう。」と言いました。

娘はぞっとしましたが、王様は「お前を最初の乞食にくれてやると誓いを立てた、そしてわしは誓いを守る。」と言いました。娘が何と言っても無駄で、牧師がよばれ、その場でバイオリン弾きと結婚させられてしまいました。式が終わると、王様は、「乞食女のお前がこれ以上宮殿にいるのはおかしいから、夫と一緒に立ち去れ。」といいました。
乞食は娘の手をとって連れ出し、娘は一緒に歩いていかねばなりませんでした。二人が大きな森に来ると、娘は尋ねました、「この美しい森はだれのものなの?」「つぐみひげの王様のものさ。お前がその人を選んだら、この森はお前のものだった。」「ああ、私はなんて不幸なの。つぐみひげの王様にすればよかったのに。」

そのあと、二人は草原に来て、娘はまた「この美しい緑の草原は誰のものなの?」と尋ねました。「つぐみひげの王様のものさ。お前がその人を選んだら、この森はお前のものだった。」「ああ、私はなんて不幸なの。つぐみひげの王様にすればよかったのに。」

それから二人は大きな町に来て、娘はまた「この大きな町は誰のものなの?」と尋ねました。「つぐみひげの王様のものさ。お前がその人を選んだら、この町はお前のものだった。」「ああ、私はなんて不幸なの。つぐみひげの王様にすればよかったのに。」「お前がいつも別の夫を望んでいるのを聞くのは気に入らないね。おれはお前に十分じゃないのか?」とバイオリン弾きは言いました。

とうとう二人は小さな小屋に着きました。それで、娘は「まあ、なんて小さな家なの。このみすぼらしいあばら家は誰のものなの?」と言いました。バイオリン弾きは「おれとお前の家さ。ここで一緒に暮らすんだ。」と答えました。

娘は戸口が低くて身をかがめて入らなくてはなりませんでした。「召使たちはどこ?」と王様の娘はいいましたが、「何の召使だ?」と乞食は答えました。「お前はやってもらいたいことは自分でやらなくてはいけないのだ。すぐに火をおこして、水を火にかけ、おれの夕飯を作ってくれ。おれはすっかり疲れたよ。」しかし、王様の娘は火をつけたり料理したりは何も知らなくて、何かうまくやるには乞食が手を貸さないといけませんでした。乏しい食事を終えると寝ましたが、乞食は朝とても早く妻を起こして家事をやらせました。

2,3日こんなふうにまあなんとか暮らしましたが、蓄えが底をつきました。それで男は、「なあ、ここで食べたり飲んだりして何も稼がないではもうやっていけないよ。お前はかごを作れ。」と言いました。男は出かけて行って、柳を切り、家へ持って帰りました。それで妻はかごを作り始めましたが、かたい柳でかぼそい手を怪我してしまいました。

「これはだめだね。お前は糸を紡いだ方がいい。たぶんそれならもっとうまくできるだろう。」と男は言いました。妻は座って糸を紡ごうとしましたが、まもなく固い糸で柔らかい指を切ってしまい、血が出ました。「ほらね、お前は何の仕事にも向かないな。お前を嫁にして損したよ。さておれはつぼや土器の商売をしようと思うんだ。お前は市場に座って売ってくれよ。」と男は言いました。(ああ、もしお父様の国の人たちの誰かが市場に来て、私がそこに座って売っているのをみたら、どんなに笑うかしら?)と妻は思いましたが、そんなことは無駄で、飢え死にしたくなければ従うしかありませんでした。

初めて、妻はうまくできました。というのは妻がきれいだったので人々は喜んで買い、言い値でお金を払ったからです。お金を渡してつぼを置いていく人すらたくさんいました。それで、妻が稼いだお金が続く限り二人は暮らしました。それから夫は新しい瀬戸物をたくさん買いました。これをもって妻は市場の角に座り、売る準備をして自分の周りに瀬戸物を置いていました。しかし、突然酔っ払いの軽騎兵が馬で走って来て、ちょうど壺の間に乗り入れたので、壺はこなごなに壊れてしまいました。妻は泣きだして、こわくてどうしたらよいかわかりませんでした。「ああ、どうなるのかしら?これを知ったら、夫は何と言うだろう?」と叫びました。家へ走って帰り、夫にこの不運な出来事を話しました。「瀬戸物をもって市場の角にすわるやつがあるか?泣くのはやめろ。お前が普通の仕事ができないのはよくわかったよ。だから、王様の宮殿へ行って、台所女中の仕事はないかと聞いてきたんだ。お前を使ってくれると約束してくれたよ。そうすればただで食べ物を貰えるよ。」と男は言いました。

今度は王様の娘は台所女中になり、コックが手招きしたり呼んだりする元で働き、一番汚い仕事をしなければなりませんでした。ポケットの両方に小さなつぼをつけておき、残り物をそれに入れて家へ持って帰り、これを食べて二人は暮らしました。

王様の一番上の息子の結婚式が行われることになり、可哀そうな女は上に行って、広間の戸口のそばに行き、見ていました。すべてのろうそくがともされ、あとからあとからだんだん美しくなっていく人々が入っていき、すべてが華麗で豪華になり、女は悲しい心で自分の運命を考えました。そして、卑しい身分になりひどく貧しくなったのも元はといえば自分の高慢と横柄さにあったと呪いました。

運び込まれていったり、運び出されていくおいしい料理の匂いが女のところに届き、時々召使たちが少しばかり投げ与えてくれて、女は家へ持って帰るため壺に入れました。

突然王様の息子が、びろうどと絹の服を着て首に金のくさりをかけて、入ってきました。美しい女が戸のそばに立っているのを見ると、手をつかみ、踊ろうとしました。しかし、女は断り、恐怖で縮みあがりました。というのはそれが嘲って追い払った求婚者のつぐみひげの王様だとわかったからです。女はもがいて逃げようとしましたが役に立たなくて王子は広間へ引っ張って行きました。しかし女のポケットをぶら下げていた紐が切れて、壺が落ち、スープが流れ出して、中身があたり一面に散らばりました。人々がこれをみると、みんなの嘲り笑いが起こりました。女はとても恥ずかしくて穴があったら深く深く入りたいと思いました。女は戸口へ走って逃げてしまうところでしたが、階段で男がつかまえ、また連れ戻しました。その男をみると、またしてもつぐみひげの王様でした。王様はやさしく、「こわがらないで、私と、お前があのひどいあばら家で一緒に暮らしているバイオリン弾きとは、同じなんだ。お前を愛してるので、変装したのだよ。馬で瀬戸物に乗り入れた軽騎兵も私だよ。それもこれもお前の高慢ちきな心を謙虚にさせ、私を嘲った横柄さを罰するためだったんだ。」と言いました。

すると女は激しく泣いて、「私は大きな間違いをしました。あなたの妻になる価値がありません。」と言いました。しかし、つぐみひげの王様は、「安心して。悪い日々は過ぎたよ。さあ、私たちの結婚式を祝おう。」と言いました。それから侍女たちがやってきて、王様の娘に素晴らしい服を着せ、娘の父親と家来たちもみんな来て、つぐみひげの王様との結婚を祝福し、本当の喜びが始まりました。あなたもわたしもそこに行っていたらよかったねえ。
A King had a daughter who was beautiful beyond all measure, but so proud and haughty withal that no suitor was good enough for her. She sent away one after the other, and ridiculed them as well.
Once the King made a great feast and invited thereto, from far and near, all the young men likely to marry. They were all marshalled in a row according to their rank and standing; first came the kings, then the grand-dukes, then the princes, the earls, the barons, and the gentry. Then the King's daughter was led through the ranks, but to every one she had some objection to make; one was too fat, "The wine-cask," she said. Another was too tall, "Long and thin has little in." The third was too short, "Short and thick is never quick." The fourth was too pale, "As pale as death." The fifth too red, "A fighting-cock." The sixth was not straight enough, "A green log dried behind the stove."

So she had something to say against every one, but she made herself especially merry over a good king who stood quite high up in the row, and whose chin had grown a little crooked. "Well," she cried and laughed, "he has a chin like a thrush's beak!" and from that time he got the name of King Thrushbeard.

But the old King, when he saw that his daugher did nothing but mock the people, and despised all the suitors who were gathered there, was very angry, and swore that she should have for her husband the very first beggar that came to his doors.

A few days afterwards a fiddler came and sang beneath the windows, trying to earn a small alms. When the King heard him he said, "Let him come up." So the fiddler came in, in his dirty, ragged clothes, and sang before the King and his daughter, and when he had ended he asked for a trifling gift. The King said, "Your song has pleased me so well that I will give you my daughter there, to wife."

The King's daughter shuddered, but the King said, "I have taken an oath to give you to the very first beggar-man, and I will keep it." All she could say was in vain; the priest was brought, and she had to let herself be wedded to the fiddler on the spot. When that was done the King said, "Now it is not proper for you, a beggar-woman, to stay any longer in my palace, you may just go away with your husband."

The beggar-man led her out by the hand, and she was obliged to walk away on foot with him. When they came to a large forest she asked, "To whom does that beautiful forest belong?" - "It belongs to King Thrushbeard; if you had taken him, it would have been yours." - "Ah, unhappy girl that I am, if I had but taken King Thrushbeard!"

Afterwards they came to a meadow, and she asked again, "To whom does this beautiful green meadow belong?" - "It belongs to King Thrushbeard; if you had taken him, it would have been yours." - "Ah, unhappy girl that I am, if I had but taken King Thrushbeard!"

Then they came to a large town, and she asked again, "To whom does this fine large town belong?" - "It belongs to King Thrushbeard; if you had taken him, it would have been yours." - "Ah, unhappy girl that I am, if I had but taken King Thrushbeard!"

"It does not please me," said the fiddler, "to hear you always wishing for another husband; am I not good enough for you?" At last they came to a very little hut, and she said, "Oh goodness! what a small house; to whom does this miserable, mean hovel belong?" The fiddler answered, "That is my house and yours, where we shall live together."

She had to stoop in order to go in at the low door. "Where are the servants?" said the King's daughter. "What servants?" answered the beggar-man; "you must yourself do what you wish to have done. Just make a fire at once, and set on water to cook my supper, I am quite tired." But the King's daughter knew nothing about lighting fires or cooking, and the beggar-man had to lend a hand himself to get anything fairly done. When they had finished their scanty meal they went to bed; but he forced her to get up quite early in the morning in order to look after the house.

For a few days they lived in this way as well as might be, and came to the end of all their provisions. Then the man said, "Wife, we cannot go on any longer eating and drinking here and earning nothing. You weave baskets." He went out, cut some willows, and brought them home. Then she began to weave, but the tough willows wounded her delicate hands.

"I see that this will not do," said the man; "you had better spin, perhaps you can do that better." She sat down and tried to spin, but the hard thread soon cut her soft fingers so that the blood ran down. "See," said the man, "you are fit for no sort of work; I have made a bad bargain with you. Now I will try to make a business with pots and earthenware; you must sit in the market-place and sell the ware." - "Alas," thought she, "if any of the people from my father's kingdom come to the market and see me sitting there, selling, how they will mock me?" But it was of no use, she had to yield unless she chose to die of hunger.

For the first time she succeeded well, for the people were glad to buy the woman's wares because she was good-looking, and they paid her what she asked; many even gave her the money and left the pots with her as well. So they lived on what she had earned as long as it lasted, then the husband bought a lot of new crockery. With this she sat down at the corner of the market-place, and set it out round about her ready for sale. But suddenly there came a drunken hussar galloping along, and he rode right amongst the pots so that they were all broken into a thousand bits. She began to weep, and did now know what to do for fear. "Alas! what will happen to me?" cried she; "what will my husband say to this?"

She ran home and told him of the misfortune. "Who would seat herself at a corner of the market-place with crockery?" said the man; "leave off crying, I see very well that you cannot do any ordinary work, so I have been to our King's palace and have asked whether they cannot find a place for a kitchen-maid, and they have promised me to take you; in that way you will get your food for nothing."

The King's daughter was now a kitchen-maid, and had to be at the cook's beck and call, and do the dirtiest work. In both her pockets she fastened a little jar, in which she took home her share of the leavings, and upon this they lived.

It happened that the wedding of the King's eldest son was to be celebrated, so the poor woman went up and placed herself by the door of the hall to look on. When all the candles were lit, and people, each more beautiful than the other, entered, and all was full of pomp and splendour, she thought of her lot with a sad heart, and cursed the pride and haughtiness which had humbled her and brought her to so great poverty.

The smell of the delicious dishes which were being taken in and out reached her, and now and then the servants threw her a few morsels of them: these she put in her jars to take home.

All at once the King's son entered, clothed in velvet and silk, with gold chains about his neck. And when he saw the beautiful woman standing by the door he seized her by the hand, and would have danced with her; but she refused and shrank with fear, for she saw that it was King Thrushbeard, her suitor whom she had driven away with scorn. Her struggles were of no avail, he drew her into the hall; but the string by which her pockets were hung broke, the pots fell down, the soup ran out, and the scraps were scattered all about. And when the people saw it, there arose general laughter and derision, and she was so ashamed that she would rather have been a thousand fathoms below the ground. She sprang to the door and would have run away, but on the stairs a man caught her and brought her back; and when she looked at him it was King Thrushbeard again. He said to her kindly, "Do not be afraid, I and the fiddler who has been living with you in that wretched hovel are one. For love of you I disguised myself so; and I also was the hussar who rode through your crockery. This was all done to humble your proud spirit, and to punish you for the insolence with which you mocked me."

Then she wept bitterly and said, "I have done great wrong, and am not worthy to be your wife." But he said, "Be comforted, the evil days are past; now we will celebrate our wedding." Then the maids-in-waiting came and put on her the most splendid clothing, and her father and his whole court came and wished her happiness in her marriage with King Thrushbeard, and the joy now began in earnest. I wish you and I had been there too.




二つの言語を比較します:













Donations are welcomed & appreciated.


Thank you for your support.