La giubba verde del diavolo

There was once a young fellow who enlisted as a soldier, conducted himself bravely, and was always the foremost when it rained bullets. So long as the war lasted, all went well, but when peace was made, he received his dismissal, and the captain said he might go where he liked. His parents were dead, and he had no longer a home, so he went to his brothers and begged them to take him in, and keep him until war broke out again. The brothers, however, were hard-hearted and said, "What can we do with thee? thou art of no use to us; go and make a living for thyself." The soldier had nothing left but his gun; he took that on his shoulder, and went forth into the world. He came to a wide heath, on which nothing was to be seen but a circle of trees; under these he sat sorrowfully down, and began to think over his fate. "I have no money," thought he, "I have learnt no trade but that of fighting, and now that they have made peace they don't want me any longer; so I see beforehand that I shall have to starve." All at once he heard a rustling, and when he looked round, a strange man stood before him, who wore a green coat and looked right stately, but had a hideous cloven foot. "I know already what thou art in need of," said the man; "gold and possessions shall thou have, as much as thou canst make away with do what thou wilt, but first I must know if thou art fearless, that I may not bestow my money in vain." - "A soldier and fear - how can those two things go together?" he answered; "thou canst put me to the proof." - "Very well, then," answered the man, "look behind thee." The soldier turned round, and saw a large bear, which came growling towards him. "Oho!" cried the soldier, "I will tickle thy nose for thee, so that thou shalt soon lose thy fancy for growling," and he aimed at the bear and shot it through the muzzle; it fell down and never stirred again. "I see quite well," said the stranger, "that thou art not wanting in courage, but there is still another condition which thou wilt have to fulfil." - "If it does not endanger my salvation," replied the soldier, who knew very well who was standing by him. "If it does, I'll have nothing to do with it." - "Thou wilt look to that for thyself," answered Greencoat; "thou shalt for the next seven years neither wash thyself, nor comb thy beard, nor thy hair, nor cut thy nails, nor say one paternoster. I will give thee a coat and a cloak, which during this time thou must wear. If thou diest during these seven years, thou art mine; if thou remainest alive, thou art free, and rich to boot, for all the rest of thy life." The soldier thought of the great extremity in which he now found himself, and as he so often had gone to meet death, he resolved to risk it now also, and agreed to the terms. The Devil took off his green coat, gave it to the soldier, and said, "If thou hast this coat on thy back and puttest thy hand into the pocket, thou wilt always find it full of money." Then he pulled the skin off the bear and said, "This shall be thy cloak, and thy bed also, for thereon shalt thou sleep, and in no other bed shalt thou lie, and because of this apparel shalt thou be called Bearskin." After this the Devil vanished.

The soldier put the coat on, felt at once in the pocket, and found that the thing was really true. Then he put on the bearskin and went forth into the world, and enjoyed himself, refraining from nothing that did him good and his money harm. During the first year his appearance was passable, but during the second he began to look like a monster. His hair covered nearly the whole of his face, his beard was like a piece of coarse felt, his fingers had claws, and his face was so covered with dirt that if cress had been sown on it, it would have come up. Whosoever saw him, ran away, but as he everywhere gave the poor money to pray that he might not die during the seven years, and as he paid well for everything he still always found shelter. In the fourth year, he entered an inn where the landlord would not receive him, and would not even let him have a place in the stable, because he was afraid the horses would be scared. But as Bearskin thrust his hand into his pocket and pulled out a handful of ducats, the host let himself be persuaded and gave him a room in an outhouse. Bearskin was, however, obliged to promise not to let himself be seen, lest the inn should get a bad name.

As Bearskin was sitting alone in the evening, and wishing from the bottom of his heart that the seven years were over, he heard a loud lamenting in a neighboring room. He had a compassionate heart, so he opened the door, and saw an old man weeping bitterly, and wringing his hands. Bearskin went nearer, but the man sprang to his feet and tried to escape from him. At last when the man perceived that Bearskin's voice was human he let himself be prevailed on, and by kind words bearskin succeeded so far that the old man revealed the cause of his grief. His property had dwindled away by degrees, he and his daughters would have to starve, and he was so poor that he could not pay the innkeeper, and was to be put in prison. "If that is your only trouble," said Bearskin, "I have plenty of money." He caused the innkeeper to be brought thither, paid him and put a purse full of gold into the poor old man's pocket besides.

When the old man saw himself set free from all his troubles he did not know how to be grateful enough. "Come with me," said he to Bearskin; "my daughters are all miracles of beauty, choose one of them for thyself as a wife. When she hears what thou hast done for me, she will not refuse thee. Thou dost in truth look a little strange, but she will soon put thee to rights again." This pleased Bearskin well, and he went. When the eldest saw him she was so terribly alarmed at his face that she screamed and ran away. The second stood still and looked at him from head to foot, but then she said, "How can I accept a husband who no longer has a human form? The shaven bear that once was here and passed itself off for a man pleased me far better, for at any rate it wore a hussar's dress and white gloves. If it were nothing but ugliness, I might get used to that." The youngest, however, said, "Dear father, that must be a good man to have helped you out of your trouble, so if you have promised him a bride for doing it, your promise must be kept." It was a pity that Bearskin's face was covered with dirt and with hair, for if not they might have seen how delighted he was when he heard these words. He took a ring from his finger, broke it in two, and gave her one half, the other he kept for himself. He wrote his name, however, on her half, and hers on his, and begged her to keep her piece carefully, and then he took his leave and said, "I must still wander about for three years, and if I do not return then, thou art free, for I shall be dead. But pray to God to preserve my life."

The poor betrothed bride dressed herself entirely in black, and when she thought of her future bridegroom, tears came into her eyes. Nothing but contempt and mockery fell to her lot from her sisters. "Take care," said the eldest, "if thou givest him thy hand, he will strike his claws into it." - "Beware!" said the second. "Bears like sweet things, and if he takes a fancy to thee, he will eat thee up." - "Thou must always do as he likes," began the elder again, "or else he will growl." And the second continued, "But the wedding will be a merry one, for bears dance well." The bride was silent, and did not let them vex her. Bearskin, however, travelled about the world from one place to another, did good where he was able, and gave generously to the poor that they might pray for him.

At length, as the last day of the seven years dawned, he went once more out on to the heath, and seated himself beneath the circle of trees. It was not long before the wind whistled, and the Devil stood before him and looked angrily at him; then he threw Bearskin his old coat, and asked for his own green one back. "We have not got so far as that yet," answered Bearskin, "thou must first make me clean." Whether the Devil liked it or not, he was forced to fetch water, and wash Bearskin, comb his hair, and cut his nails. After this, he looked like a brave soldier, and was much handsomer than he had ever been before.

When the Devil had gone away, Bearskin was quite lighthearted. He went into the town, put on a magnificent velvet coat, seated himself in a carriage drawn by four white horses, and drove to his bride's house. No one recognized him, the father took him for a distinguished general, and led him into the room where his daughters were sitting. He was forced to place himself between the two eldest, they helped him to wine, gave him the best pieces of meat, and thought that in all the world they had never seen a handsomer man. The bride, however, sat opposite to him in her black dress, and never raised her eyes, nor spoke a word. When at length he asked the father if he would give him one of his daughters to wife, the two eldest jumped up, ran into their bedrooms to put on splendid dresses, for each of them fancied she was the chosen one. The stranger, as soon as he was alone with his bride, brought out his half of the ring, and threw it in a glass of wine which he reached across the table to her. She took the wine, but when she had drunk it, and found the half ring lying at the bottom, her heart began to beat. She got the other half, which she wore on a ribbon round her neck, joined them, and saw that the two pieces fitted exactly together. Then said he, "I am thy betrothed bridegroom, whom thou sawest as Bearskin, but through God's grace I have again received my human form, and have once more become clean." He went up to her, embraced her, and gave her a kiss. In the meantime the two sisters came back in full dress, and when they saw that the handsome man had fallen to the share of the youngest, and heard that he was Bearskin, they ran out full of anger and rage. One of them drowned herself in the well, the other hanged herself on a tree. In the evening, some one knocked at the door, and when the bridegroom opened it, it was the Devil in his green coat, who said, "Seest thou, I have now got two souls in the place of thy one!"
C'erano una volta tre fratelli che allontanavano sempre il più piccolo di loro; quando vollero andarsene per il mondo, gli dissero: -Non abbiamo bisogno di te, vattene da solo-. Così lo abbandonarono ed egli dovette procedere solo; giunse in una gran brughiera ed era molto affamato. Nella brughiera c'era un cerchio d'alberi: vi si sedette sotto e si mise a piangere. D'un tratto udì un rumore e, quando si guardò attorno, vide venire il diavolo con una giubba verde e un piede di cavallo. -Che cos'hai, perché‚ piangi?- disse. Allora egli gli confidò la sua pena e disse: -I miei fratelli mi hanno scacciato-. Disse il diavolo: -Voglio aiutarti: indossa questa giubba verde, ha delle tasche che sono sempre piene di denaro; puoi prenderne fin che vuoi. In compenso però voglio che per sette anni tu non ti lavi, non ti pettini n‚ preghi. Se muori in questi setti anni, sei mio; ma se rimani in vita, sarai libero e ricco fino alla fine dei tuoi giorni-. Il giovane finì coll'accettare, per via del bisogno in cui si trovava; così indossò la giubba verde che il diavolo si era tolta di dosso, e quando infilò la mano in tasca la trovò piena di denaro. Così se ne andò in giro per il mondo con la giubba verde. Il primo anno andò bene: tutto ciò che desiderava lo pagava con il suo denaro, ed era ancora considerato come un essere umano. Ma già il secondo anno le cose andarono peggio: i capelli gli erano cresciuti tanto che nessuno più lo riconosceva; inoltre nessuno voleva dargli alloggio per via del suo aspetto orrendo. E, più passava il tempo, peggiore diventava. Ma ovunque egli dava del denaro ai poveri, perché‚ pregassero per lui, che non morisse entro i sette anni e cadesse così nelle mani del diavolo. Nel quarto anno giunse a un'osteria dove l'oste non voleva accoglierlo. Ma egli tirò fuori di tasca una manciata di denaro e pagò in anticipo, così ottenne finalmente una stanza. La sera udì piangere forte nella stanza attigua, aprì la porta e scorse un vecchio che piangeva disperatamente e gli disse di andarsene poiché‚ non poteva aiutarlo di certo. Ma il giovane gli domandò che cosa mai lo affliggesse tanto, e il vecchio disse che non aveva più soldi; era in debito con l'oste che l'avrebbe trattenuto finché‚ non avesse pagato. Allora il giovane dalla giubba verde disse: -Se è tutto qui, di denaro io ne ho a sufficienza: pagherò per voi-. E liberò l'uomo dai suoi debiti. Il vecchio aveva tre belle figlie e gli disse di scegliersene una in moglie come ricompensa. Ma quando giunsero a casa e la maggiore lo vide, si mise a gridare all'idea di sposare un essere così orrendo, che non aveva più aspetto umano e sembrava un orso. Anche la seconda fuggì via e preferì andarsene per il mondo. La terza invece disse: -Caro babbo, se gli avete promesso una sposa, ed egli vi ha aiutato nel momento del bisogno, vi ubbidirò-. Allora il giovane dalla giubba verde si tolse dal dito un anello, lo spezzò, ne diede metà alla fanciulla e tenne per s‚ l'altra; e nella prima scrisse il proprio nome, nell'altra il nome di lei, pregandola di serbare con cura la metà dell'anello. Rimase ancora un po' di tempo con lei, e infine disse: -Ora debbo prender congedo, rimarrò lontano per tre anni, siimi fedele in questo periodo di tempo; quando tornerò celebreremo le nostre nozze. Se invece non torno sei libera, perché‚ io sarò morto, ma tu prega Dio che mi tenga in vita-. In quei tre anni le due sorelle maggiori della sposa si fecero beffe di lei e le dicevano che avrebbe avuto un orso per marito al posto di un uomo normale. Ma la fanciulla taceva e pensava che qualunque cosa succedesse doveva ubbidire al padre. Il giovane dalla giubba verde, invece, se ne andò in giro per il mondo, mise spesso le mani in tasca e comprò per la sua sposa le cose più belle che gli capitavano sotto gli occhi. Non fece nulla di male, anzi fece del bene dove poteva e dette del denaro ai poveri affinché‚ pregassero per lui. Allora Dio gli fece la grazia e, trascorsi i tre anni, egli era ancora vivo e sano. Quando il tempo fu trascorso si recò nuovamente nella brughiera e si sedette sotto quel cerchio di alberi. Si udì un forte sibilo, ed ecco arrivare il diavolo tutto arrabbiato e brontolante; gli buttò la sua vecchia giubba e rivolle indietro quella verde. Il giovane se la tolse con gioia, la porse al diavolo ed era ricco e libero per sempre. Poi se ne andò a casa, si ripulì per bene e si mise in cammino per recarsi dalla sua sposa. Quando giunse al portone d'ingresso, incontrò il padre; lo salutò e disse di essere lo sposo, ma quello non lo riconobbe e non voleva credergli. Allora egli salì dalla sposa, ma anch'ella non voleva credergli. Infine egli le domandò se avesse ancora la metà dell'anello. Ella rispose di sì e andò a prenderla; anch'egli prese la sua, l'accostò all'altra e si vide che le due parti combaciavano perfettamente: egli non poteva che essere il suo sposo E quand'ella vide che era un bell'uomo, si rallegrò, lo amò e celebrarono il matrimonio. Le due sorelle, invece, erano così furiose di aver perso quella fortuna, che lo stesso giorno del matrimonio l'una si annegò, mentre l'altra si impiccò. La sera, bussarono alla porta e si sentì un brontolio; quando lo sposo andò ad aprire, ecco il diavolo in giubba verde, che disse -Vedi, adesso ho due anime in cambio della tua!-.

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