日本語

強力ハンス

ENGLISH

Strong Hans


昔、子どもが一人しかいない夫婦がいて、人里離れた谷に全く家族だけで住んでいました。あるとき、母親はもみの木の枝を集めに森に入り、二歳になったばかりの小さいハンスを一緒に連れて行きました。春の季節で子どもが色とりどりの花を楽しんでいるので、母親は子どもと一緒に森の奥へと進んでいきました。突然、二人の強盗が茂みから飛びだして、母親と子どもをつかみ、暗い森の奥深くへ連れていきました。そこは今まで何年も誰も来ないところでした。

可哀そうに、母親は、自分と子どもを放してくれるようにとしきりに頼みましたが、心が石でできた強盗たちは母親の頼みに耳を貸そうとはしないで、力づくでさらに遠くへ追いたてました。二マイルほどやぶやいばらをかき分けて進んだ後、戸がついている岩のところにやってきました。強盗たちが戸をたたくと戸はすぐに開きました。長く暗い通路を通って、やがて大きなほら穴にたどりつきました。そこは炉に燃える火で明るくなっていました。壁には刀やサーベルや他の殺しの武器がかかっていて、明かりを反射して光っていました。真ん中に黒いテーブルがあり、そこで他の強盗が四人賭けごとをして座っており、その先に親分が座っていました。親分は母親を見るとすぐやってきて、話しかけ、安心しろ、こわがらなくていい、何もしやしないから、ただ家のことをやってくれればいいんだ、何でもきちんとしてくれれば悪いようにはしないよ、と言いました。そうして母親に食べ物を与え、子どもと一緒に眠るベッドを教えました。

母親は何年も強盗たちのところにいて、ハンスは背が伸び強くなりました。母親はハンスにお話をしてあげたり、ほら穴でみつけた騎士物語の古い本の読み方を教えました。ハンスが九歳になるともみの木の枝で頑丈なこん棒を作り、ベッドの下に隠しました。それから、母親のところへ行き、「お母さん、僕の父親は誰か教えてください。どうしても知りたいんです。」と言いました。母親は、口を言わず、教えようとしませんでした。ハンスが家を恋しがらないようにと思ったのです。それに、ばちあたりな強盗たちがハンスを行かせないと知っていました。しかし、ハンスが父親のところへ行けないことを思って胸が張り裂けそうでした。

夜に、強盗たちが泥棒の仕事を終えて帰ってくると、ハンスはこん棒を持ちだして、親分の前に立ち、「僕の父親が誰か今知りたい、すぐに教えないとぶちのめすぞ。」と言いました。すると親分は笑って、ハンスの横っ面をひっぱたいたのでハンスはテーブルの下に転がりました。ハンスは立ちあがり、口を言わないで、(もう一年待ってまたやってみよう、そのときはもっとうまくやれるだろう)と考えました。その一年が終わると、またこん棒をもちだし、埃をはらい、よく眺めて、「頑丈な強いこん棒だ。」と言いました。夜に泥棒たちが帰って次々とワインを飲み、頭が重たくなり始めました。するとハンスはこん棒をもちだして、親分の前に立ち、父親は誰か、と尋ねました。しかし、親分はまたハンスの横っ面を強くぶんなぐったのでハンスはテーブルの下に転がりました。ところが、まもなくハンスは立ちあがり、親分と強盗たちをこん棒でしたたかに打ちすえたので、強盗たちはもう手足を動かせなくなりました。

母親はすみに立って子どもの勇気と力に感心して見ていました。ハンスはやり終えると、母親のところへ行き、「今度は真剣にやったんだ。だけど今父親が誰なのかも知らなくちゃ。」と言いました。「ハンスや」と母親は言いました。「さあ、お父さんを見つけるまで探しに行きましょう。」

母親は親分から入口の鍵をとり、ハンスは大きな粉袋をとってきて、その中に金や銀や素晴らしいと思う物を何でも手当たり次第に袋がいっぱいになるまで詰め、背中に担ぎました。二人はほら穴を出ました。しかし、暗闇から日の光に出てきて、緑の森や花や鳥や空に浮かぶ朝の太陽を見てハンスは目を見開きました。ハンスはそこに立って、頭がすっかりまともでないかのようにあらゆるものに驚いてみとれました。母親は家へ帰る道を探し、ニ、三時間歩いた後、二人は無事に人里離れた谷に入り、自分たちの小さな家に着きました。父親は入口に座っていました。妻だと見てわかり、ハンスが息子だと聞くと、父親は嬉し泣きしました。というのは父親は二人がとっくに死んでしまったものと思っていたのです。

ハンスは、やっと12歳になったばかりでしたが、父親より頭一つ背が高くなっていました。三人は一緒に小さな部屋に入って行きましたが、ハンスがストーブのそばのベンチに袋を置いた途端、家じゅうがみしみし音を立て、ベンチが壊れ、次に床が壊れ、重い袋は地下室へ落ちていきました。「全くもう!」と父親は叫びました。「何だこりゃ?お前は家をめちゃめちゃに壊してしまったぞ」「心配いらないよ、お父さん」とハンスは答えました。「その袋に、新しい家を建てても有り余るくらい入ってるよ。」父親とハンスはすぐに新しい家を建て始め、家畜や土地を買い、農業を始めました。ハンスは畑を耕し、すきを地面に押し込んで押していくと、牛たちが引っ張る必要がないほどでした。次の年の春、ハンスは、「お金を全部とっといて、僕に100の目方の杖を作ってください、旅に出ようと思うんです」と言いました。

杖ができると、ハンスは父親の家を出て進んでいき、深い暗い森にやってきました。そこで何かバリバリ、バキンという音が聞こえてきて、下から上まで綱のようにぐるぐる巻きになっているもみの木が見えました。上の方を見ると、大きな男が木をつかんで柳の枝のように捻じっていました。

「おーい」とハンスは叫びました。「上で何をやっているんだい?」男は、「昨日たきぎを集めたから、今それを縛る縄をなっているんだ。」と答えました。(それはいいや、やつは力があるぞ)とハンスは考え、男に「そんなのほっといて、おれと一緒に来いよ。」と呼びかけました。男が降りてくると、ハンスは決して小さくないのに、そのハンスよりまるまる頭一つ分背が高い男でした。「お前の名前はこれから『もみ捻じり』だ」とハンスは男に言いました。

そうして二人が先へ進んでいくと、何かガンガンすごい力で打つ音が聞こえ、地面が一打ちごとに揺れました。そのあとまもなく、大きな岩のところに来て、その前で大男がこぶしで打ってその岩から大きな岩のかたまりを切り離していました。ハンスが、何をしているんだい?と聞くと、大男は「夜におれが寝ようとすると、熊や狼やそういう獣が来て、おれのまわりでフンフン、クンクン嗅ぎ回って、うるさいのさ。それで邪魔されないように家を建ててその中で寝ようと思ってるのさ」と答えました。(ああ!いいぞ)とハンスは考えました。(こいつも役にたつぞ)それで男に言いました。「家を建てるのはほっといて、おれと一緒に行こう。お前は『岩割り』という名前にしろよ。」

男が承知して、三人は森を通っていきましたが、どこへ行っても野の獣たちはビクッとして三人から逃げて行きました。日暮れに三人は人のいない古い城のところへ来て、そこに入り、広間に横になって眠りました。次の朝、ハンスが庭に入っていくと猪が突進してきました。しかしハンスはこん棒でしたたかに打ちすえたので猪はすぐ倒れました。ハンスはその猪を肩に担ぎ、運び込みました。三人は猪を串焼きにしておいしく食べました。そうして三人は毎日順番に二人が狩りに出かけ、一人は留守番をして一人9ポンド(約4kg)の肉を料理する、と取り決めました。もみ捻じりは最初に留守番で、ハンスと岩割りが狩りに出かけました。

もみ捻じりがせっせと料理をしていると、小さな皺だらけの年とった小人が城のもみ捻じりのところに来て、肉をくれと頼みました。「あっちへ行け、このコソ泥ちびめ」ともみ捻じりは答えました。「肉はやらないよ。」ところが、もみ捻じりがびっくりしたことに、小さな取るに足りない小人がとびかかってきて、こぶしでなぐりつけてきました。もみ捻じりは防ぐことができなくて地面に倒れ、はあはあ息を切らせました。小人は、すっかり怒りをぶつけて気がおさまるまで立ち去りませんでした。他の二人が狩りから帰ってきたとき、もみ捻じりは年寄りの小人のことも自分がさんざんなぐられたことも何も話さないで、(二人が留守番するようになったとき、あの小さなたわし野郎とやりあってみればいいのさ)と考えました。そうしてただそう考えるだけでもう面白がっていました。次の日、岩割りが留守番をしましたが、小人に肉をあげたがらなかったので、ひどい目にあわされ、もみ捻じりと全く同じことになりました。

夕方に他の二人が帰ってくると、もみ捻じりは岩割りがやられたのがはっきりわかりましたが、二人とも黙って、(ハンスにもあのスープを味わってもらわなくてはな)と思っていました。次の日はハンスが留守番になり、やらなければいけない台所仕事をしました。ハンスが立って鍋のあく抜きをしていると小人が来て、礼儀も何もなく、肉をくれ、と言いました。それでハンスは(かわいそうなやつだな、おれの分からいくらか分けてやろう。そうしたら他の二人の分が足りなくなることはないからな。)と思い、一切れ小人に渡しました。小人はそれを貪り食ってしまうとまた、肉をくれ、と言いました。お人よしのハンスはまた肉をあげて、それは大きな肉だぞ、それで満足しろよ、と言いました。しかし、小人はまた肉をくれと言いました。「お前は恥知らずだな」とハンスは言って何もあげませんでした。すると性悪な小人はハンスにとびかかってもみ捻じりや岩割りと同じ目にあわせようとしました。しかし小人は悪い相手を選んでしまいました。ハンスが大して腕をふるうまでもなくニ、三発なぐると、小人は城の階段を飛び下りていきました。

ハンスは追いかけようとしましたが、小人に蹴つまづいてばたりと倒れてしまいました。また起きあがった時は小人はもう先を進んでいました。ハンスは森まで小人を追いかけ、岩穴に入って行くのを見届けました。そして帰って行きましたが、その場所をしっかり心にとめておきました。他の二人が戻ったとき二人はハンスがぴんぴんしているので驚きました。ハンスは二人に出来事を話すと、二人ももうどういう目にあったかを隠しませんでした。ハンスは笑って、「そりゃ自業自得だな。なんでそんなに肉をけちったんだ?そんなに図体がでかいのに小人に負けるなんてみっともないじゃないか」と言いました。

そこで三人はかごと綱をもって、小人が入って行った岩穴に行き、ハンスとこん棒をかごに入れて下ろしました。穴の底に着くと、戸が見つかり、それを開けると、絵のように、いや言葉に言い表せないほど美しい乙女がそこにいました。そして娘のそばにあの小人が座っていましたが、ハンスを見るとオナガザルのように歯をむき出して笑いました。ところが娘は鎖につながれてとても悲しそうにハンスを見ました。ハンスはこの娘をとてもかわいそうになり、(娘を性悪な小人から救い出さなければならないぞ)と思い、小人をこん棒で強く打ちすえたので、小人は死んで倒れました。途端に鎖が乙女からはずれて落ちました。ハンスは娘の美しさにうっとりしました。娘は、ハンスに言いました。「私は王様の娘なのですが、無礼な伯爵がお城から私をさらい、岩の間にとじこめました。私が何も伯爵に言おうとしなかったからです。伯爵はあの小人を見張りにおいて、私はとても惨めで苦しい思いをしました。」そのあとハンスは娘をかごにのせ、引き上げさせました。

かごはまたおりてきましたが、ハンスは二人の仲間を信用しないで、(あいつらはもう不実なところをみせたことがある。おれに小人のことを何も言わなかったじゃないか)と考えました。(おれにどんなことを企んでいるかわからないぞ)それで、かごにこん棒を入れました。実際そうしてよかったのでした。というのはかごが半分ほど上がると、二人はまた落としてよこしました。ハンスが本当にかごにのっていたら、死んでいたでしょう。しかし、深い底からどうやって抜けだしたらいいものやらわかりませんでした。何回もあれこれ考えてみるものの良い知恵が浮かびませんでした。「全く情けない」とハンスは独り言を言いました。「ここで死ぬのを待つだけとはな」こうして行ったり来たりしていると、また先ほど娘が座っていた小さな部屋に来ました。すると、小人の指にきらきら光っている指輪が見えました。そこでハンスは小人の指から抜いて自分の指にはめ、指輪を回すと、突然頭の上でさらさら擦れ合うような音が聞こえました。

見上げると空気の精が上を飛んでいるのが見えました。空気の精は、あなたはわたしたちのご主人です、ご用はなんでしょうか?とたずねました。ハンスははじめ驚いて口が言えませんでしたが、そのあと、地上に運んでほしい、と言いました。
空気の精はすぐに命令に従い、まるでハンスが自分で上へ飛んでいってるようでした。ところが上へ着いてみると誰も見当たりませんでした。もみ捻じりと岩割りは急いで去って美しい乙女を一緒に連れて行ってしまったのです。しかし、ハンスが指輪を回し、空気の精がくると、二人は海の上だと教えてくれました。

ハンスは止まらずに走りに走りました。とうとう海辺につくと、海のはるかかなたに不実な仲間がのっている小さな船が見えました。激しい怒りに駆られて、自分が何をしているのかも考えず、ハンスはこん棒を手に海に飛び込み、泳ぎ始めました。しかし、こん棒の目方が100あったので、ハンスは海の底の方に引きずられていき、あやうく溺れ死にそうにになりました。それであわやというところで指輪を回し、空気の精が来て、稲妻のように速く船に乗せました。ハンスはこん棒を振り回し、腹黒い仲間にふさわしい報いを与え、二人を海に放り投げました。娘はとても恐ろしい目にあっていましたが、今度もハンスに救われたのでした。それからハンスは美しい乙女と一緒に船に乗り、故郷の父親と母親のところへ送って行き、やがて娘と結婚しました。みんなの喜びは大変なものでした。
There were once a man and a woman who had an only child, and lived quite alone in a solitary valley. It came to pass that the mother once went into the wood to gather branches of fir, and took with her little Hans, who was just two years old. As it was spring-time, and the child took pleasure in the many-coloured flowers, she went still further onwards with him into the forest. Suddenly two robbers sprang out of the thicket, seized the mother and child, and carried them far away into the black forest, where no one ever came from one year's end to another. The poor woman urgently begged the robbers to set her and her child free, but their hearts were made of stone, they would not listen to her prayers and entreaties, and drove her on farther by force. After they had worked their way through bushes and briars for about two miles, they came to a rock where there was a door, at which the robbers knocked and it opened at once. They had to go through a long dark passage, and at last came into a great cavern, which was lighted by a fire which burnt on the hearth. On the wall hung swords, sabres, and other deadly weapons which gleamed in the light, and in the midst stood a black table at which four other robbers were sitting gambling, and the captain sat at the head of it. As soon as he saw the woman he came and spoke to her, and told her to be at ease and have no fear, they would do nothing to hurt her, but she must look after the house-keeping, and if she kept everything in order, she should not fare ill with them. Thereupon they gave her something to eat, and showed her a bed where she might sleep with her child.
The woman stayed many years with the robbers, and Hans grew tall and strong. His mother told him stories, and taught him to read an old book of tales about knights which she found in the cave. When Hans was nine years old, he made himself a strong club out of a branch of fir, hid it behind the bed, and then went to his mother and said, "Dear mother, pray tell me who is my father; I must and will know." His mother was silent and would not tell him, that he might not become home-sick; moreover she knew that the godless robbers would not let him go away, but it almost broke her heart that Hans should not go to his father. In the night, when the robbers came home from their robbing expedition, Hans brought out his club, stood before the captain, and said, "I now wish to know who is my father, and if thou dost not at once tell me I will strike thee down." Then the captain laughed, and gave Hans such a box on the ear that he rolled under the table. Hans got up again, held his tongue, and thought, "I will wait another year and then try again, perhaps I shall do better then." When the year was over, he brought out his club again, rubbed the dust off it, looked at it well, and said, "It is a stout strong club." At night the robbers came home, drank one jug of wine after another, and their heads began to be heavy. Then Hans brought out his club, placed himself before the captain, and asked him who was his father? But the captain again gave him such a vigorous box on the ear that Hans rolled under the table, but it was not long before he was up again, and beat the captain and the robbers so with his club, that they could no longer move either their arms or their legs. His mother stood in a corner full of admiration of his bravery and strength. When Hans had done his work, he went to his mother, and said, "Now I have shown myself to be in earnest, but now I must also know who is my father." - "Dear Hans," answered the mother, "come, we will go and seek him until we find him." She took from the captain the key to the entrance-door, and Hans fetched a great meal-sack and packed into it gold and silver, and whatsoever else he could find that was beautiful, until it was full, and then he took it on his back. They left the cave, but how Hans did open his eyes when he came out of the darkness into daylight, and saw the green forest, and the flowers, and the birds, and the morning sun in the sky. He stood there and wondered at everything just as if he had not been very wise. His mother looked for the way home, and when they had walked for a couple of hours, they got safely into their lonely valley and to their little house. The father was sitting in the doorway. He wept for joy when he recognized his wife and heard that Hans was his son, for he had long regarded them both as dead. But Hans, although he was not twelve years old, was a head taller than his father. They went into the little room together, but Hans had scarcely put his sack on the bench by the stove, than the whole house began to crack the bench broke down and then the floor, and the heavy sack fell through into the cellar. "God save us!" cried the father, "what's that? Now thou hast broken our little house to pieces!" - "Don't grow any grey hairs about that, dear father," answered Hans; "there, in that sack, is more than is wanting for a new house." The father and Hans at once began to build a new house; to buy cattle and land, and to keep a farm. Hans ploughed the fields, and when he followed the plough and pushed it into the ground, the bullocks had scarcely any need to draw. The next spring, Hans said, "Keep all the money and get a walking-stick that weighs a hundred-weight made for me that I may go a-travelling." When the wished-for stick was ready, he left his father's house, went forth, and came to a deep, dark forest. There he heard something crunching and cracking, looked round, and saw a fir-tree which was wound round like a rope from the bottom to the top, and when he looked upwards he saw a great fellow who had laid hold of the tree and was twisting it like a willow-wand. "Hollo!" cried Hans, "what art thou doing up there?" the fellow replied, "I got some faggots together yesterday and am twisting a rope for them." - "That is what I like," thought Hans, "he has some strength," and he called to him, "Leave that alone, and come with me." The fellow came down, and he was taller by a whole head than Hans, and Hans was not little. "Thy name is now Fir-twister," said Hans to him. Thereupon they went further and heard something knocking and hammering with such force that the ground shook at every stroke. Shortly afterwards they came to a mighty rock, before which a giant was standing and striking great pieces of it away with his fist. When Hans asked what he was about, he answered, "At night, when I want to sleep, bears, wolves, and other vermin of that kind come, which sniff and snuffle about me and won't let me rest; so I want to build myself a house and lay myself inside it, so that I may have some peace." - "Oh, indeed," thought Hans, "I can make use of this one also;" and said to him, "Leave thy house-building alone, and go with me; thou shalt be called Rock-splitter." The man consented, and they all three roamed through the forest, and wherever they went the wild beasts were terrified, and ran away from them. In the evening they came to an old deserted castle, went up into it, and laid themselves down in the hall to sleep. The next morning Hans went into the garden. It had run quite wild, and was full of thorns and bushes. And as he was thus walking round about, a wild boar rushed at him; he, however, gave it such a blow with his club that it fell directly. He took it on his shoulders and carried it in, and they put it on a spit, roasted it, and enjoyed themselves. Then they arranged that each day, in turn, two should go out hunting, and one should stay at home, and cook nine pounds of meat for each of them. Fir-twister stayed at home the first, and Hans and Rock-splitter went out hunting. When Fir-twister was busy cooking, a little shrivelled-up old mannikin came to him in the castle, and asked for some meat. "Be off, sly hypocrite," he answered, "thou needest no meat." But how astonished Fir-twister was when the little insignificant dwarf sprang up at him, and belaboured him so with his fists that he could not defend himself, but fell on the ground and gasped for breath! The dwarf did not go away until he had thoroughly vented his anger on him. When the two others came home from hunting, Fir-twister said nothing to them of the old mannikin and of the blows which he himself had received, and thought, "When they stay at home, they may just try their chance with the little scrubbing-brush;" and the mere thought of that gave him pleasure already.

The next day Rock-splitter stayed at home, and he fared just as Fir-twister had done, he was very ill-treated by the dwarf because he was not willing to give him any meat. When the others came home in the evening, Fir-twister easily saw what he had suffered, but both kept silence, and thought, "Hans also must taste some of that soup."

Hans, who had to stay at home the next day, did his work in the kitchen as it had to be done, and as he was standing skimming the pan, the dwarf came and without more ado demanded a bit of meat. Then Hans thought, "He is a poor wretch, I will give him some of my share, that the others may not run short," and handed him a bit. When the dwarf had devoured it, he again asked for some meat, and good-natured Hans gave it to him, and told him it was a handsome piece, and that he was to be content with it. But the dwarf begged again for the third time. "Thou art shameless!" said Hans, and gave him none. Then the malicious dwarf wanted to spring on him and treat him as he had treated Fir-twister and Rock-splitter, but he had got to the wrong man. Hans, without exerting himself much, gave him a couple of blows which made him jump down the castle steps. Hans was about to run after him, but fell right over him, for he was so tall. When he rose up again, the dwarf had got the start of him. Hans hurried after him as far as the forest, and saw him slip into a hole in the rock. Hans now went home, but he had marked the spot. When the two others came back, they were surprised that Hans was so well. He told them what had happened, and then they no longer concealed how it had fared with them. Hans laughed and said, "It served you quite right; why were you so greedy with your meat? It is a disgrace that you who are so big should have let yourselves be beaten by the dwarf." Thereupon they took a basket and a rope, and all three went to the hole in the rock into which the dwarf had slipped, and let Hans and his club down in the basket. When Hans had reached the bottom, he found a door, and when he opened it a maiden was sitting there who was lovely as any picture, nay, so beautiful that no words can express it, and by her side sat the dwarf and grinned at Hans like a sea-cat! She, however, was bound with chains, and looked so mournfully at him that Hans felt great pity for her, and thought to himself, "Thou must deliver her out of the power of the wicked dwarf," and gave him such a blow with his club that he fell down dead. Immediately the chains fell from the maiden, and Hans was enraptured with her beauty. She told him she was a King's daughter whom a savage count had stolen away from her home, and imprisoned there among the rocks, because she would have nothing to say to him. The count had, however, set the dwarf as a watchman, and he had made her bear misery and vexation enough. And now Hans placed the maiden in the basket and had her drawn up; the basket came down again, but Hans did not trust his two companions, and thought, "They have already shown themselves to be false, and told me nothing about the dwarf; who knows what design they may have against me?" So he put his club in the basket, and it was lucky he did; for when the basket was half-way up, they let it fall again, and if Hans had really been sitting in it he would have been killed. But now he did not know how he was to work his way out of the depths, and when he turned it over and over in his mind he found no counsel. "It is indeed sad," said he to himself, "that I have to waste away down here," and as he was thus walking backwards and forwards, he once more came to the little chamber where the maiden had been sitting, and saw that the dwarf had a ring on his finger which shone and sparkled. Then he drew it off and put it on, and when he turned it round on his finger, he suddenly heard something rustle over his head. He looked up and saw spirits of the air hovering above, who told him he was their master, and asked what his desire might be? Hans was at first struck dumb, but afterwards he said that they were to carry him above again. They obeyed instantly, and it was just as if he had flown up himself. When, however, he was above again, he found no one in sight. Fir-twister and Rock-splitter had hurried away, and had taken the beautiful maiden with them. But Hans turned the ring, and the spirits of the air came and told him that the two were on the sea. Hans ran and ran without stopping, until he came to the sea-shore, and there far, far out on the water, he perceived a little boat in which his faithless comrades were sitting; and in fierce anger he leapt, without thinking what he was doing, club in hand into the water, and began to swim, but the club, which weighed a hundredweight, dragged him deep down until he was all but drowned. Then in the very nick of time he turned his ring, and immediately the spirits of the air came and bore him as swift as lightning into the boat. He swung his club and gave his wicked comrades the reward they merited and threw them into the water, and then he sailed with the beautiful maiden, who had been in the greatest alarm, and whom he delivered for the second time, home to her father and mother, and married her, and all rejoiced exceedingly.




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