ENGLISH

The peasant's wise daughter

ESPAÑOL

La campesina prudente


There was once a poor peasant who had no land, but only a small house, and one daughter. Then said the daughter, "We ought to ask our lord the King for a bit of newly-cleared land." When the King heard of their poverty, he presented them with a piece of land, which she and her father dug up, and intended to sow with a little corn and grain of that kind. When they had dug nearly the whole of the field, they found in the earth a mortar made of pure gold. "Listen," said the father to the girl, "as our lord the King has been so gracious and presented us with the field, we ought to give him this mortar in return for it." The daughter, however, would not consent to this, and said, "Father, if we have the mortar without having the pestle as well, we shall have to get the pestle, so you had much better say nothing about it." He would, however, not obey her, but took the mortar and carried it to the King, said that he had found it in the cleared land, and asked if he would accept it as a present. The King took the mortar, and asked if he had found nothing besides that? "No," answered the countryman. Then the King said that he must now bring him the pestle. The peasant said they had not found that, but he might just as well have spoken to the wind; he was put in prison, and was to stay there until he produced the pestle. The servants had daily to carry him bread and water, which is what people get in prison, and they heard how the man cried out continually, "Ah! if I had but listened to my daughter! Alas, alas, if I had but listened to my daughter!" and would neither eat nor drink. So he commanded the servants to bring the prisoner before him, and then the King asked the peasant why he was always crying, "Ah! if I had but listened to my daughter!" and what it was that his daughter had said. "She told me that I ought not to take the mortar to you, for I should have to produce the pestle as well." - "If you have a daughter who is as wise as that, let her come here." She was therefore obliged to appear before the King, who asked her if she really was so wise, and said he would set her a riddle, and if she could guess that, he would marry her. She at once said yes, she would guess it. Then said the King, "Come to me not clothed, not naked, not riding, not walking, not in the road, and not out of the road, and if thou canst do that I will marry thee." So she went away, put off everything she had on, and then she was not clothed, and took a great fishing net, and seated herself in it and wrapped it entirely round and round her, so that she was not naked, and she hired an ass, and tied the fisherman's net to its tail, so that it was forced to drag her along, and that was neither riding nor walking. The ass had also to drag her in the ruts, so that she only touched the ground with her great toe, and that was neither being in the road nor out of the road. And when she arrived in that fashion, the King said she had guessed the riddle and fulfilled all the conditions. Then he ordered her father to be released from the prison, took her to wife, and gave into her care all the royal possessions.
Now when some years had passed, the King was once drawing up his troops on parade, when it happened that some peasants who had been selling wood stopped with their waggons before the palace; some of them had oxen yoked to them, and some horses. There was one peasant who had three horses, one of which was delivered of a young foal, and it ran away and lay down between two oxen which were in front of the waggon. When the peasants came together, they began to dispute, to beat each other and make a disturbance, and the peasant with the oxen wanted to keep the foal, and said one of the oxen had given birth to it, and the other said his horse had had it, and that it was his. The quarrel came before the King, and he give the verdict that the foal should stay where it had been found, and so the peasant with the oxen, to whom it did not belong, got it. Then the other went away, and wept and lamented over his foal. Now he had heard how gracious his lady the Queen was because she herself had sprung from poor peasant folks, so he went to her and begged her to see if she could not help him to get his foal back again. Said she, "Yes, I will tell you what to do, if thou wilt promise me not to betray me. Early to-morrow morning, when the King parades the guard, place thyself there in the middle of the road by which he must pass, take a great fishing-net and pretend to be fishing; go on fishing, too, and empty out the net as if thou hadst got it full" and then she told him also what he was to say if he was questioned by the King. The next day, therefore, the peasant stood there, and fished on dry ground. When the King passed by, and saw that, he sent his messenger to ask what the stupid man was about? He answered, "I am fishing." The messenger asked how he could fish when there was no water there? The peasant said, "It is as easy for me to fish on dry land as it is for an ox to have a foal." The messenger went back and took the answer to the King, who ordered the peasant to be brought to him and told him that this was not his own idea, and he wanted to know whose it was? The peasant must confess this at once. The peasant, however, would not do so, and said always, God forbid he should! the idea was his own. They laid him, however, on a heap of straw, and beat him and tormented him so long that at last he admitted that he had got the idea from the Queen.

When the King reached home again, he said to his wife, "Why hast thou behaved so falsely to me? I will not have thee any longer for a wife; thy time is up, go back to the place from whence thou camest to thy peasant's hut." One favour, however, he granted her; she might take with her the one thing that was dearest and best in her eyes; and thus was she dismissed. She said, "Yes, my dear husband, if you command this, I will do it," and she embraced him and kissed him, and said she would take leave of him. Then she ordered a powerful sleeping draught to be brought, to drink farewell to him; the King took a long draught, but she took only a little. He soon fell into a deep sleep, and when she perceived that, she called a servant and took a fair white linen cloth and wrapped the King in it, and the servant was forced to carry him into a carriage that stood before the door, and she drove with him to her own little house. She laid him in her own little bed, and he slept one day and one night without awakening, and when he awoke he looked round and said, "Good God! where am I?" He called his attendants, but none of them were there. At length his wife came to his bedside and said, "My dear lord and King, you told me I might bring away with me from the palace that which was dearest and most precious in my eyes I have nothing more precious and dear than yourself, so I have brought you with me." Tears rose to the King's eyes and he said, "Dear wife, thou shalt be mine and I will be thine," and he took her back with him to the royal palace and was married again to her, and at the present time they are very likely still living.
Érase una vez un pobre campesino que sólo tenía una casita, en la que vivía con su única hija. Díjole ésta:
- Deberíamos pedir al Señor Rey un trocito de tierra baldía.
Al conocer el Rey su mísera situación, les regaló un trozo de prado, que padre e hija labraron con la idea de plantar en él un poco de grano. Cuando ya casi lo tenían todo arado, encontraron en la tierra un almirez de oro puro.
- Oye - dijo el padre a la muchacha -, puesto que el Señor Rey ha sido tan bondadoso al regalarnos este campo, nuestro deber es entregarle este almirez.
Pero la hija se opuso, diciendo:
- Padre, tenemos el almirez, pero no la mano, y querrán que entreguemos también ésta; por consiguiente, más vale callar.
Pero el hombre no quiso escuchar su consejo y, cogiendo el almirez, lo llevó al Señor Rey, diciéndole que lo habían encontrado en su terruño y que se lo entregaba como muestra de respeto. Tomó el Rey el almirez y preguntó al campesino si no había encontrado nada más.
- No - respondió el buen hombre; y entonces le replicó el Rey que debía traerle la mano del almirez. Contestó el labrador que no la habían hallado, pero de nada le sirvió; era como si el viento se llevase sus palabras. Fue encerrado en la cárcel, en la que estaría hasta entregar la mano de almirez. Cada vez que los carceleros le llevaban el pan y el agua, que constituían el sustento de los presos, oían gritar al campesino:
- ¡Ay! ¡Por qué no escuché a mi hija! ¡Por qué no escuché a mi hija!
Hasta que fueron al Rey y le contaron lo que el hombre decía sin parar, y que se negaba a comer y beber. Entonces el Rey ordenó que condujesen al detenido a su presencia, y preguntóle por qué gritaba continuamente: "¡Ay, si hubiese escuchado a mi hija!."
- ¿Qué es lo que dijo ella?
- Me aconsejó que no os trajese el almirez, ya que si lo hacía me exigiríais también la mano.
- Puesto que tienes una hija tan inteligente, quiero conocerla.
Y la muchacha hubo de comparecer ante el Rey, el cual le dijo que, ya que era tan lista, le plantearía un acertijo, y si lo descifraba, se casaría con ella. Avínose la moza, diciendo que lo acertaría. El Rey se expresó del siguiente modo:
- Preséntate ante mí ni vestida ni desnuda, ni a caballo ni en coche, ni por el camino ni por fuera del camino. Si eres capaz de hacerlo, me casaré contigo.
Retiróse ella y se desnudó completamente, con lo cual no estaba vestida; cogió luego una gran red de pesca y, metiéndose en ella, se envolvió bien, por lo que no estaba ya desnuda. Alquiló a continuación un asno, le ató a la cola la red y obligó al animal a arrastrarla, con lo cual avanzó ella ni a caballo ni en coche. Además, el asno hubo de caminar por dentro de la rodera, por lo que ella no tocaba el suelo sino con el dedo gordo del pie, y no iba ni por el camino ni fuera de él. Al llegar a palacio, confesó el Rey que había acertado el enigma, y que la condición quedaba cumplida. Dio la libertad a su padre y, tomándola a ella por esposa. hízola dueña y señora de todo el patrimonio real.
Transcurrieron varios años, y un día el Señor Rey salió a pasar revista. Varios campesinos con sus carros se estacionaron frente al palacio, donde habían vendido sus cargas de leña; algunas de las carretas iban tiradas por bueyes; otras, por caballos. Uno de los campesinos venía con tres yeguas, y una de ellas tuvo un potrito, que se escapó y fue a meterse entre dos bueyes que tiraban de un carro. Los labriegos empezaron entonces a reñir, pelearse y alborotar, porque el dueño de los bueyes sostenía que éstos habían tenido el potrillo y, por tanto, quería quedarse con él, mientras el otro afirmaba que el potrito era hijo de su yegua, y, en consecuencia, le pertenecía. El alboroto llegó a oídos del Rey, el cual sentenció que el potrito se quedase donde lo habían encontrado, con lo cual pasó a ser propiedad del dueño de los bueyes, contra toda razón. Marchóse el otro llorando y lamentándose por la pérdida de su caballito; pero, enterado de que la Señora Reina era compasiva y procedía del pueblo, presentóse a ella y le rogó que le ayudase a recuperar su potrito.
- Te ayudaré, si me prometéis no descubrirme. Mañana por la mañana, cuando el Rey salga a pasar revista, te pones en medio de la carretera por la que él ha de pasar, provisto de una red de pesca; y haces como si pescaras, sacudiéndola y vertiéndola cual si estuviese llena de peces. A continuación díjole lo que debía responder al Rey cuando éste le preguntase.
Y he aquí que al otro día nuestro campesino se fue a "pescar" en aquel lugar seco. Al pasar el Rey y verlo, envió a uno de sus seguidores a averiguar qué estaba haciendo allí aquel loco. El cual respondió:
- Estoy pescando.
Preguntóle el mensajero cómo podía pescar en un sitio donde no había agua, y le replicó el campesino:
- Del mismo modo que dos bueyes pueden tener un potro, yo puedo pescar en un lugar seco.
El criado fue a transmitir la respuesta al Rey. Éste hizo venir al labrador y le dijo que aquella respuesta no era suya; ¿de quién era pues? ¡Y cuidado con lo que respondía! Pero el hombre juró y porfió que era suya. Tendiéronle entonces sobre un haz de paja y lo azotaron y atormentaron hasta que se decidió a confesar que la respuesta era de la Reina. Al llegar el Rey a palacio, dijo a su esposa:
- Ya que has sido falsa, no te quiero más por mujer. Conmigo has terminado; vuélvete al lugar de donde viniste, a tu choza del campo.
Sin embargo, autorizóla a llevarse lo mejor y lo que más quisiera; sería su despedida. Dijo ella:
- Sí, querido esposo, haré lo que me mandas - y, arrojándose sobre él, y besándolo, le dijo que quería despedirse. Mandó luego que trajesen un fuerte somnífero, para brindar con él por la despedida. El Rey se bebió un copioso trago, pero ella apenas lo probó. Así, el marido no tardó en quedar sumido en un sueño profundo, y entonces la Reina ordenó a un criado que envolviese al Señor Rey en un precioso lienzo blanco y que entre varios lo llevasen al coche que aguardaba en la puerta; y de este modo se trasladó a su pobre casita. Allí lo puso en su cama, donde siguió durmiendo muchas horas, hasta que, al fin, despertó y, mirando a su alrededor, dijo:
- ¡Dios santo! ¿Dónde estoy? - y llamó a sus criados; pero no compareció ninguno. Al cabo de un rato acercóse su esposa y le dijo:
- Mi querido Señor Rey, me mandasteis que me llevase lo mejor y lo que yo más quisiera de palacio; y como para mí lo mejor y lo que más quiero sois Vos, os llevé conmigo.
Llenáronsele al Rey los ojos de lágrimas y exclamó:
- ¡Querida esposa, tú debes ser mía y yo tuyo! - y la condujo nuevamente a palacio, y se volvió a casar con ella; y seguramente viven todavía.




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